How Does Automatic Transmission Change Gears

As drivers, we know how the transmission works: we push the clutch in, change the gear and then continue driving normally. Manual transmission also teaches us how to perform clutch control without stalling or rolling on an incline. So how does an automatic car change gears?

There are more parts in this system that makes it a more complicated system. An automatic car has something called a torque converter. For the car to move forward, whether manual or automatic, torque is needed for the initial momentum.

The torque converter is a fluid link where its job is to connect the engine to the transmission and the transmission to the driven wheels (Front Wheel Drive or Rear Wheel Drive).

The engine is connected to the transmission in a bell housing. This is where the torque converter is. The transmission also contains something called planetary gear sets which provide different gear ratios.

The engine’s flex plate is also connected to this torque converter. So the torque converter basically takes the place of a clutch in an automatic car. When the crankshaft rotates it also rotates the converter. This is how the torque converter will disconnect and connect the engine’s power to the load being driven.

The torque converter has main components that make automatic transmission successful. These include:

  • The impeller – connected to the engine which is responsible for driving the turbine using viscous forces on the transmission fluid.
  • The turbine – connected to the transmission input shaft that sends the torque force to the transmission.
  • The stator – which sits between the impeller and the turbine. It lessens churning losses.
    The lock up clutch.

During the compression of the fluid it returns from the turbine that works against the impeller and its rotating movement that also acts on the engine.

The stator redirects the fluid so that the majority of the velocity gets driven towards the impeller which then adds to the torque produced by the motor. It can only rotate in one direction if the impeller and turbine are moving at the same speed. Stators do not apply torque when on a highway, only when coming to a stop or accelerating.

A planetary gear set consists of a sun gear and planet gears which rotate around the central sun gear, like our solar system. A planet carrier gear connects the planet gears with a ring gear that meshes them. The planetary gear set prevents certain components from moving when using clutches and brakes. This alters the input and the output of the system that changes the overall gear ratio.

Depending on which component is fixed it will determine the final gear ratio. If a ring gear is stationery or fixed, the ratio will be shorter than if the sun gear is fixed or stationery.

Drive the Jaguar XJ and Get Swaddled In the Lap of Luxury

Luxury doesn’t always mean expensive cars with uninspiring performance, it is more about comfort and unmatchable performance in its segment.

Beauty like a Unicorn

Mainstream automakers like Jaguar are always focused on customer satisfaction, not only for the buyers but also for the viewers or the guests on board. The compact luxury Jaguar XJ model is designed to grab eyeballs, the sleek looks with hand-crafted interiors and ambient lightings are epitome of status and class.

The XJ offers sheer driving pleasure without sacrificing on the luxury, the car sails through the imperfections in the road. The traditional British designs add zinc to its classy leather based interiors with heated and cooled massaging seats, making the XJ an automotive version of The Taj Mahal.

Herculean Power

As the name suggests, Jaguar is all about strength and adaptability, it has plenty of robust power in its segment. The Jaguar XJ has steroids running through its veins with a 5.0-liter V8 supercharged engine that cranks out 470 horsepower along with 424 pound feet of torque. The car breathtakingly shoots up to almost 60 miles an hour within 4.2 seconds. Even if you are the most aggressive of the drivers, before you stop admiring the interiors and properly steady the wheels, XJ will reach almost 100mph, of course with maximum safety!

Technological Advancements

As an automaker, Jaguar has always been on the cutting edge of the automobile technology. It’s easy to get captured by the luxury of the XJ, with features you never thought you are going to need, until you actually experience them. For instance, the seats are designed to pamper your body and adapt as per your comfort, it’s more like being hugged by a seat.

Jaguar XJ is a well connected luxury car, its state-of-the-art connectivity environment takes luxury to another level. The customizable touch screen located at the central console provides user-friendly interface with mind-blowing features. The navigation system is capable to recognize voices and learn your regular journeys, the inbuilt hard drive in the system can also store your personal data.

With so many features, Jaguar makes sure to keep the driving pleasure alive by letting you be the boss instead of allowing the technology to have all the fun. XJ has successfully balanced its technological aspects with modern day enhancements in automobile industry, where you get a room to explore what’s in the store for you every time you open the door.

How to Disconnect During Your Next Vacation

You’re lying on the beach. You’re basking in the hot sun while the cool breeze sweeps across your skin as you’re surrounded by the breathtakingly beautiful paradise… And your face is nose deep in your phone checking emails. Sound at all familiar? We’ve all been there. The reality is that it is hard to disconnect from your daily life, especially from work. However, a vacation’s purpose is just for that. We all need a little rest and relaxation so we can perform at our best in our daily lives. Here are a few ideas to help you get away from the earlier scenario and toward having a true vacation disconnected from work.

1. Give ample notice – Let co-workers, business partners, clients and customers know of your vacation well in advance. Informing pertinent personnel of the dates you will be away at least two weeks ahead of time will also help them prepare for your absence. This way, important projects and tasks can be assigned and completed before your departure, or it will be known they will be taken care of when you return. Chances are, they won’t want to intrude on your vacation time so letting them know can help keep those emails from constantly coming in while you are away as well.

2. Take care of your to-do list – About two weeks prior to your vacation, plan your days out so that you can take care of all your outstanding tasks before your departure. Leaving for a trip with a long list of unresolved projects can take focus away from your vacation. The anxiety of having all the unfinished tasks you already have to do plus all the new tasks when you return on your mind will overcome the relaxation you’re supposed to be having. It’s better to leave a clean slate and return after your trip with a new to-do list.

3. Nominate a backup – In case of emergency, request a trusted co-worker to be your backup while you are away. Make sure to ask for their assistance at least two weeks prior to your trip so they have enough time to prepare as well. It is a good idea to give your contact information in case of any extreme cases. However, choose a backup that you trust can handle most situations without your help.

4. Set an away message – This is a good way to let anyone trying to contact while you’re away that you are on vacation and will respond after you return. This way, you won’t be getting multiple emails with the same requests and having people ask where you are. It will give you peace of mind and you won’t feel rushed to get back to them until after your trip.

5. Focus on those you’re traveling with – Give importance to yourself, your spouse, your family, your friends, or whomever else you’re traveling with. Yes, work is important. But we also have to dedicate time and energy on the other wonderful aspects of our lives. There’s no better way to do that than to spend a vacation with loved ones.

6. Remind yourself why you’re on vacation – Vacations are the time to take a break from work, which is truly imperative to our continued work productivity and overall well-being. Taking time to recuperate and regenerate will leave you feeling refreshed and at the top of your game when you return. It’s also very important for the mind and body to decompress and give yourself breaks from your daily stress. Constant tension can take a toll on you over time so make sure to sit back and relax when you have the opportunity to.

7. Literally disconnect – Don’t pack your laptop. Put your phone on airplane mode. Shut off email and notifications on your phone/tablet. These ideas may be provoke anxiety, but there are no better ways to actually disconnect from work than to literally disconnect from it all. You have the rest of the year to work. Why not use the vacation time how it’s supposed to be used and stay away from work?

8. Set boundaries – If you know you will need to check emails, texts, messages, etc. while you are on vacation, give yourself limits and stick to them. A good idea would be to allow a few minutes before bedtime to check in on the day and resolve any pressing issues. It’s understandable that not knowing what’s going on with work for a week or more may cause the stress that you’re trying to avoid while on vacation. In this case, make it a little easier on yourself, but don’t let it start to take over your days. Set a certain amount of time at a certain time of day to check, and that’s it.

Think you could implement any of these ideas for your next vacation? Even if you’re not planning a trip for a while, it may be good to consider them now so you have some tactics to utilize when a trip does come up. Again, it is important to remember that it is beneficial to your overall health to take a true vacation away from work and the stress it can produce. Making sure to take care of yourself is key. By utilizing some, if not all, of the above strategies, you can be well on your way to having the vacation you need and deserve.

Handyman and Home Repair Services

As a homeowner you are aware that something always needs fixing around the house. You may need a wall painted, a new appliance installed, or the roof fixed. If you don’t have the time or capability to do this on your own, you may need the home repair services of a handyman.

The home repair service business is now a major industry. That’s because many people prefer to call a handyman or skilled tradesman to do minor home repairs. Older or retired people living alone often require the services of a handyman. Of course, there are do-it-yourself who are perfectly capable of doing repair and maintenance work at home. However, even DIY enthusiasts may need the skills of a plumber or electrician for more complicated tasks.

Handyman vs. Home Improvement Specialists

A handyman and a home improvement specialist can both operate their own businesses but the home improvement specialist is required to have a contractor’s license. This is why hiring a contractor to do the same thing will cost more than if a handyman were to do the job. This is also why licensed professionals sometimes turn down smaller home repair jobs. If you need someone to paint a room, install new shelves or repair a dry wall, call a handyman. To build a new addition to your home or repair a staircase, you will need the home repair services of a licensed carpenter or contractor.

Home Repair Jobs for a Handyman

A handyman is a more affordable and convenient option for small household repairs. He is a jack-of-all-trades who can perform small maintenance and repair jobs that a carpenter, plumber or electrician would normally do, but at a lower cost. A handyman is good with his hands. He is usually self-taught, having gained his experience and know-how at his own home and by reading home improvement manuals.
Replacing your entire plumbing system or more complicated electrical wiring should be done by a licensed professional.

However, you can hire a handyman to perform simple tasks such as emptying storm drains, fixing a leaky faucet or putting up shelves. A handyman can also handle more complicated tasks such as installing a water heater or replacing roof shingles.

Where to Find a Handyman

Many handymen work on their own, setting up “office” in their own homes. People you know may be able to recommend a good handyman for home repair services. You can also search online for a handyman in your area. There are many businesses and franchises for handyman services. You can call on them if you need any repair or maintenance services at home.

Three New York Attorney Recommendations

The search for a New York civil rights attorney can be a bit daunting if you aren’t sure where to start. While there are hundreds of New York civil rights lawyers to choose from, we’ve listed a few in this article to help you get started on your hunt.

The first firm we’re going to mention is located in Manhattan. The Law Offices of John M. Lambros specializes in cases such as discrimination. They have particular experience in handling cases in which police are guilty of brutality and wrongful arrests based on discrimination. You may also want to seek this firm if you believe you have been a victim of employment discrimination. They have a pretty good track record and might be worth looking in to if you’re around the Manhattan area.

Raff & Becker, LLP, specializes in employment law as it relates to civil rights. They work primarily with cases that deal with harassment, discrimination and retaliation in the workplace.

Deutsch Atkins, PC, is a small New York civil rights law firm located in Bergen, NJ. Although not located in New York City, they consider themselves a New York civil rights attorney, as most of their cases are tried in the city. They specialize in protecting the rights in employees, especially from large and established companies. They work exclusively with cases of employer discrimination, whether it is based on age, race, gender, religion or disability, harassment, sexual or otherwise, and people who are retaliated against for trying to ensure that their and others civil rights are protected.

If you find that none of the New York lawyers mentioned here are suitable for your case, you may want to try having a look on the Internet. You can type in a specific search criteria in Google or a similar site and find plenty of results that should precisely match your specified terms. If all else fails, you can always contact the New York Bar Association for a referral near your area.

Home Improvement is Best Left For the Professional

Many people now prefer a DIY home improvement which they think can save much money. But some people hold the opinion that home improvement is best left for these professionals. Highly skilled and experienced, they can give your home a perfectly new look. But you should be wary which kind of contractor you hire.

Without the help of a contractor, the homeowner will feel indirect and do not know where and how to start. Many homeowners who have backgrounds in home improvement will seek the help of the professional, for the idea from a professional really can make difference.

These contractors have experience and practice which homeowners do not possess, even those with backgrounds performing this type of work. These qualities can leave each job in the best shape. Unfortunately, many homeowners do not realize the value of a professional, skilled job. They do this tough job by themselves partially because they want to save money, partially because they do not believe these contractors.

These homeowners are likely to fail in improving their home, for they always start without the comprehensive knowledge. Many homeowners are jumping into home improvement projects they have no idea how to handle. Hiring a skilled professional to do the work will usually end in delight for the homeowner as they are left with a great looking job for a pretty affordable price.

Certainly, there are many dishonest contractors out there; therefore, you should be careful to find a good one who will keep the client’s interest in mind. If you just make some changes on your home design, you should better find a smaller company, instead of a larger one. Smaller companies often will give a home more care and attention, while the larger company usually focuses on the larger projects for they think the small project do not deserve their attention.

Do not hire a contractor who does not seem to take your project seriously. Whatever the project, it is a big deal to the homeowner. They hope for a good result. So it is important to find a contractor who takes a special interest in your project and give much care and attention to your projects to ensure a desirable outcome.

Tips for Professionals in the Construction Industry

Preparing a resume that is organized, succinct, and eye-catching is one of the best ways for construction professionals to launch a fruitful job search. Eye-catching resumes typically feature highly desired skill sets, relevant certifications, and impressive projects that were completed ahead of schedule and within budget. Below are ten simple resume writing tips that everyone in the construction industry should follow.

1) Tailor your resume to the type of position you are seeking. Employers are often searching for candidates with a specific set of skills. Review commonly required skills for the type of position that you are seeking and be sure to include references to your skills in those areas. Examples of specific skills that are frequently sought in the construction industry include:

Expertise in construction law
Incorporation of sustainable design strategies
Equal Employment Opportunity Employment expertise

2) Include the number of people you managed. It is particularly important to mention work experience that involved supervision of multiple teams of people or a large number of workers. Hiring managers recognize that there is usually a big difference between a candidate who has managed a team of 15 laborers and a candidate who has overseen 150 laborers.

3) Highlight relevant certifications. Industry certifications set professionally trained candidates apart from the pack and often instill confidence in recruiters and hiring managers. Examples of key certifications to consider including are as follows:

Certified Construction Manager (CCM)
Construction Safety Certification
OSHA Hazardous Waste Operations & Emergency Response (HAZWOPER)
Any CPR or First Aid related certifications

4) Highlight three or four of your most notable projects. Be sure to reference the budgets associated with each project to provide hiring executives with an idea of the magnitude of the ventures that you have overseen. You can also showcase your flexibility and breadth of experience by including a diverse collection of projects within the public, commercial, and residential construction arenas.

5) Showcase successful projects that were completed ahead of time or under budget. Continued construction labor shortages are leading to an increase in project delays and overspending. Completing projects ahead of time or under budget is more impressive now than ever, so construction professionals should not be shy about highlighting their ability to exceed client expectations.

6) Reference familiarity with special tools or software. Remaining competitive in the construction industry requires a commitment to learning the latest cutting-edge

Building Information Modeling (BIM) software
Computer-Aided Design (CAD) software
Familiarity with 3D visualization and architectural animation

7) Prepare an impressive portfolio of references. Include people who can provide feedback regarding your skills and aptitudes. Additionally, if a specific skill is required for a position you are actively pursuing, be sure to include references who can discuss your achievements in that area. For instance, if a position requires a candidate with a history of supervising 100+ workers, make sure that the references you include can speak about your ability to oversee multiple teams of workers.

8) Include your LinkedIn URL. A growing number of hiring managers and recruiters are looking at LinkedIn profiles to confirm candidates’ legitimacy and industry connections. Make sure that your profile is up to date and that there are not any consistencies between information on your LinkedIn profile and your resume.

9) Reference any awards or special recognition you have received. Awards that are relevant to the company or position for which you are applying are especially helpful. Examples of relevant awards include the following:

Associated Builders and Contractors, Inc (ABC) awards for excellence in construction
Construction Industry Safety Excellence (CISE) awards for safety improvements
Any local or state awards received for outstanding achievements in the construction industry

10) Seek the input of an expert staffing professional. Enlisting the assistance of a staffing agency is one of the best ways to ensure that your resume is professional and complete. A dedicated agency representative can also provide assistance with career coaching and other job-related activities. Ideally, the agency you choose should have decades of experience providing guidance to professionals within the construction industry.

The role of a well-organized resume should not be understated. By following the tips above, construction professionals can enhance their chances of grabbing the attention of hiring managers.

Why to Choose a Lead Generation Service?

Lead generation is a critical component of online sales and a proven strategy for an organization’s profitability.

Firms generate around 60% of more sales with the process of online lead generation than traditional methods of marketing.

A reputed service provider offers a wide range of online marketing services, including search engine optimization, paid search, email marketing, social media, telemarketing and traditional mailing. There are three main parameters to consider while planning an online sales strategy for an organization.

Tracking

Tracking the performance of a lead is essential to map its progress towards making a sale. After the initial contact with a potential lead, service providers track its performance in order to instigate to turn it into a buyer and help in achieving the sales target of an organization.

Outsourcing firms empower entrepreneurs to track a lead’s behavior, for instance, how likely they are to buy from an enterprise or what kind of response do they give to sales professionals during follow-ups. Service providers increase the chances of making a sale by mailing or calling the leads just when they need it.

Reporting

Enterprises that want to outsource an online marketing service rather than doing it in-house, can take the help of service providers. These vendors do a proper analysis and provide reports of the progress of a marketing or sales campaign to an organization. This helps in exploring the strengths and improvement areas of engaging prospective customers online.

Help & Support

Organizations strive to make productive sales. By implementing effective marketing techniques entrepreneurs can do so efficiently. With a quality sales mechanism, service providers bring new customers on-board, while entrepreneurs focus on serving existing customers better.

Some of the popular ways of generating leads today are via:

  1. Banner Ads
  2. Pay-per-Click (PPC) campaigns
  3. Viral videos

Out of all, although PPC ads might generate immediate results, though, organizations need to spend continuous money on this to fetch desired results. Apart from the ongoing expenses, the quality of leads generated from PPC tends to be lower than those generated from other organic channels.

There are plenty of people who want to buy what enterprises are selling. The problem is finding those customers and letting them know about the service offerings of an enterprise.

A good marketing service helps an entrepreneur to connect with its potential customers in order to make maximum sales. Most marketers target people who are already thinking of buying a product or a service. This is done by using online research and marketing techniques.

Being one of the most popular ways of online marketing, lead generation enables businesses to:

  • Regulate pricing on a per lead basis
  • Select the product or service entrepreneurs wish to offer to its prospects
  • Choose the geographical area which interests an organization
  • Control the number of leads an organization wants to receive per month (it helps in budgeting)

Common Issues Applicants

As soon as individuals finish their education, they need to look for jobs in order to accommodate their needs. Surely, there are numerous job opportunities, but there are also a lot of applicants who are seeking for jobs. In addition, some applicants encounter issues that can make their search worse. To avoid these issues, below are some of the mistakes individuals need to know.

Incomplete application. One of the most common mistakes of applicants when searching for jobs is they sometimes have an incomplete application. As of now, there are numerous individuals who seek for jobs in order to accommodate their needs. Because of this, employers meticulously check their information. Because of this, having an incomplete application can be a huge problem since employers cannot determine if you have the right skills and knowledge for the job they offer. To avoid this, make sure that you provide complete and accurate information in your application.

Wrong attire. The next issue that applicants encounter and searching for jobs is they go to interviews with the wrong attire. Some business experts state that apart from the right mindset and skills, attires are important when applying for a job since you need to make a good impression to the employer. By wearing the right attire, you can have better chances in getting a job than individuals who wear shirts and jeans.

Not following instructions. Another mistake that individuals make when looking for jobs is they do not follow instructions. There are some cases when employers have certain requirements applicants need to follow. And, following these instructions are important to allow employers determine if you can be a good member of their company. Sadly, simple requirements are frequently neglected by individuals which is the reason why they are not hired.

Forgetting about your background. As mentioned above, there are numerous job opportunities individuals can opt for. However, some individuals cross the line due to the stiff competition. Unfortunately, applying for a job not related to your skills and knowledge can be hard. So, make sure that you stay on your field to allow you to get job more efficiently.

Neglecting to opt for staffing services. Finally, some individuals also neglect to opt for staffing services. Some individuals think that opting for such service can be expensive. Not to mention, individuals also think that staffing services can only benefit employers. But, the truth is, staffing companies allow applicants to find the best job position for them. This is possible since they have a wide list of employers in different industries. Not to mention, some service providers also offer training programs to help applicants find jobs more efficiently.

These are only some of the mistakes applicants need to be aware of to make their job search easier and more successful.

All Important of Business Card

Graphic Design for Small Businesses and organizations isn’t only offering a product or service and having cash in on it. Once you start a small business, there are several features, which have to have a personal and professional focus. One of those is promoting your brand. There are a few things too, which form the foundation of promoting and one of those is the business card. The principle function of promoting is to attract the target market. When accomplished in the correct way, it can yield wonderful results. Marketing experts and graphic designers, who specialize in graphic design for small businesses, have the knowledge and experience to attract your specific client or buyer through distinct marketing and promotional tactics. A business card (or minute card) should have every piece of information essential for someone to interact and conduct business with your company or organization. There are many styles of cards, and in fact, it is necessary to decide on the appropriate style for your firm. This is why hiring a professional whom specializes in graphic design for small businesses is so important.

The product or service themselves won’t always draw in buyers or clients when shown to individuals in a prepared way. To get to the customers who will use, buy or interact with your company, one of several methods used in promoting is choosing the right business card. A card with the very best graphics, typography and layout that connect emotionally with your perspective client is the key. Every single color and color combination possesses its own meaning. There are many benefits and consequences to the use of color when contemplating the feelings and emotions of the people you’re trying to attract. Which means, a hues participation in the overall design is an essential part in selecting the most appropriate appearance of your business card. Imagine if the colors (or hues) used in your card were actually repelling your target audience you are trying to attract.

The visuals that happen to be loved by people of a distinct audience change by age and gender as well. An example is flowers; if your business makes products that are devoted to girls, then introducing flowers as visual elements (graphics) of your card will most likely attract more buyers. If though, your target is a more mature female audience, the use of flowers could be conceived as contrived and repulse your buyers. Selecting the most appropriate graphics for the business card is about the mindset of the buyer and not the business owner. Let me repeat that so you truly get it. The look, feel and emotions tied to your business card are about the buyer, not you, the business owner. If your buyer connects a personal emotion with the artwork, or possibly a design and style, employed in the card, then almost absolutely that buyer will choose the firm utilizing that artwork, design or style. For this reason alone, it is very important to work with a professional that knows and understands graphic design for small businesses.

Why have a business card in the hands of everyone that works for you? A nicely manufactured card affirms the level professionalism regarding the organization. You need a business card that is designed well with accessibility to information for your customers to make contact with you. It must be styled to create a personal connection with the buyer as well. Your reputation is riding on your business card. The primary function of your business card is to get clients to call you. Your logo should be prominent to let people know who you are the minute they see your card. After this, your business card should clearly provide methods for the client to contact you. This can be a website, a smart phone or email but it is highly recommended to have all three. A marketing expert or graphic designer whom specializes in graphic design for small businesses can help point you in the right direction for the content for your particular niche or market. Business cards with the proper visuals, content and style can help you do this. Are you ready to secure a professionally designed business card right now?